The leading western mass media - The Guardian, The Financial Times, The New York Times, Forbes – revealed the shocking results of the report by Triangle Centre on Terrorism and Homeland Security, which specializes in studying terrorism and national security.
According to the report, it turns out that Islamists present little threat to the US national security. In 2011 only 20 US Muslims were accused of terrorism. Out of 14 000 murders committed in the USA in 2011, none was committed by a terrorism suspect. The bottom line is that the US Islamophobic sentiments are groundless. At least this is what numerous journalists and political scientists say.
Meanwhile, Islamophobia has turned into a major concern in the USA. Muslims are more frequently treated as enemies.
According to Eugene Olkhovsky, Masterforex-V Academy’s leading expert, the notion was introduced by Etienne Dine in the1920s. it meant a negative attitude towards Islam and the Muslim culture.
In the 1990s this notion became widely used in and Europe. It was used to describe the negative attitude towards a wave of migration from Muslim countries and the immigrants’ reluctance to assimilate. After the 9/11 attack, the notion instantly migrated overseas, thus acquiring more general meaning: since then Islamophobia has been associated with terrorism and national security.
The situation in the USA is far more complicated and controversial than in Europe. There are many differences:
1. The USA was created by emigrants. That is why American citizens cannot condemn other emigrants who want to become Americans, whatever religion they practice.
2.Dissidents (i.e. representatives of persecuted religious confessions) took shelter in the USA and contributed much to the country’s development.
3.Territorial, ethnic and religious communities play a huge role in the USA, like in other federative states.
4.Historically, Americans have other negative stereotypes concerning other nations, ethnic unities and races. Moreover, the Muslim community in the USA is relatively scanty in comparison with Europe.
1.The USA’s melting pot, unlike Europe’s multiculturalism, is aimed at creating a single American nation with similar language, culture, values and history.
2.The US emigration laws are tough. It is much easier to deport a “persona non-grata” from the country.
3.The Protestant Church is very strong in the US. It is not so peaceful and tolerant towards other religions (It is not accidental that American Protestant pastors burn the Koran in public).
4.US citizens are very sensitive about their own and national security.
Europe is considered the cradle and stronghold of Christianity. In the past Europe had many confrontations with Muslim countries. It is sufficient to mention the Reconquista and numerous crusades.
Xenophobia was a common attribute of the Old World. It was indirectly supported by Catholic Church and a number of European philosophers. Eventually it gave birth to Nazism, which (as we know) resulted in the world’s most terrible and devastating war of all times – World War II. Europeans have never looked tolerant towards Muslim emigrants. The situation changed after WWII, when Europe was devastated and lacked labor power. Therefore, they had to encourage emigration.
In the 1960s European colonies received independence. Their population got the privileged right to receive residence permits in Europe. It was done in order to preserve the economic and political ties. As a result, thousands of Algerians and Tunisians came to France, Pakistanis and Bangladeshis came to the UK, Somalis and Libyans migrated to Italy, Moroccan started migrating to Spain . The family reunion law allowed any European citizen who was born by emigrants to invite all his relatives for permanent residence.
And finally, Europe is much closer to the Muslim World than the USA.
Today there are over 15 million Muslims living in the EU: The Netherlands – 10%, France – 6-7%, Germany and Switzerland – 5%, Great Britain – 3%. However, if to consider the age factor, for example, in Germany Muslim children account for 22% of Germany’s population under 15 years. It means that almost each 4th child in German schools is a Muslim.
It should be noted that Europeans blame Muslim emigrants for sponging and neglecting local traditions and culture. Emigrants and their offsprings seem to face discrimination when trying to apply for a job or to continue their education. For example, the rate of unemployment among UK emigrants is 20% (vs 6% around the UK). It is 21% in Germany (vs 8%) and 22% in France (vs 13%). Over 75% of German Muslims do not continue education after finishing school.
Islamophobia: Cui Prodest?
1.Political elite. They want to distract people for burning problems (poor economic performance, inflation, unemployment etc).
2.National parties and movements. They get an opportunity to use Islamophobia to consolidate their position in the political arena.
3.External powers. It is beneficial for the USA to encourage Islamophobia throughout the world – in Europe, China, Russia and other powers – because in this case they will support (or at least won’t oppose) its military campaigns in the Middle East. For China, it is about the Uigurian separatists. For Russia, it is about the Northern Caucasus. And finally, it is vital for Israel as. Jews have always confronted the Muslim World. Now the USA and Europe are its major allies in the Middle East.
Market Leader and Masterforex-V Academy would appreciate if you could participate in a survey. Please, visit the Academy’s forum for traders and investors and answer the following question:
Will Russia, Iran, and Saudi Arabia Agree on Oil Production?
Today, Algeria is hosting an informal OPEC summit. The used to say that Russia may well join the cartel during this informal summit to discuss the current situation in the global market of crude oil and work out an efficient way to change it for the better. Still, now it is reported that Russia is not going to be participating in the summit since this is a summit for OPEC member only.
As you probably know, the United Kingdom is going to quit the European Union. At the same time, the UK definitely wants to retain its economic ties with the EU after the so-called Brexit, Masterforex-V Academy experts say. When it comes to economic relations with the European Union, Great Britain can follow the example of Norway, Switzerland, Turkey, or the WTO.
How Turkey Benefits From Reconciliation With Russia In Terms Of Geopolitics
After Putin and Erdogan made steps toward reconciling Russian and Turkey, the Russian folks changed their mind as well. Not so long ago, you could see most Russians being hostile to everything that comes from Turkey. Now, this is no longer the case. At least it seems so.
Some experts say that the so-called Brexit may eventually result in the disintegration of the United Kingdom. In particular, Scotland has already made a call for another referendum on independence from the United Kingdom.
More and more experts working in the oil industry start discussing a new wave of price dumping initiated by Saudi Arabia. That thing is that a couple of weeks ago, the Saudis dropped their oil export prices to Asian countries by 0.7-1.3 dollars per barrel.
British Banks Get Their Ratings Cut After Brexit Referendum
Shortly after the results of the Brexit referendum were announced, Standard & Poor's Global Ratings made several steps aimed at cutting the ratings of multiple British banks. This was done in order to show the world that the economic risks in the United Kingdom are growing and the entire British banking system is now in jeopardy.
According to Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank of England, the Brexit-related risks have already started implementing themselves. That’s why he predicts increased volatility in the local economy and financial markets.
To be more specific, the BOE Governor assumes that the risks associated with the UK’s decision to quit the European Union are already there and affecting the entire economic and financial system of Great Britain. This is what is said in the recent report on the UK’s financial system, which is released twice a year by the Bank of England. The thing is that the Brexit is eventually going to trigger a long-term period of economic and financial uncertainty in the United Kingdom, which will make the UK adapt to a new reality.
As expected by many international experts, the Brexit referendum results have had a serious impact on many of those international processes. According to Bloomberg, this is going to be the key reason for the Federal Reserve to delay another interest rate cut until 2018.
Scotland Will Exit UK Before Brexit, J.P. Morgan Experts Say
According to the analysts of J.P. Morgan, one of the biggest banks in the USA and the entire world, Scotland will hold a referendum to quit the United Kingdom and get complete independence. By 2019, the local authorities will have introduced their own national currencies to replace the British Pound. This is what The Daily Telegraph reports with reference to Michael Barr, who is the the leading expert at J.P, Morgan.