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Tuesday, 26 July 02:23 (GMT -05:00)



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Nuclear Energy: Present And Future

Nuclear Energy: Present And Future

 

 

For decades people have been pondering on the same questions: Is nuclear energy worth betting on? Will it be the energy of the future? Is it too dangerous for the humanity to keep developing nuclear facilities around the world?
No wonder that there are many supporters and adversaries. Each party has weighty arguments.
 
As we know, last year nuclear energy became a special concern for the entire world. The Fukushima meltdown in 2011 (as the result of several earthquakes and tsunamis) reminded everyone that nuclear energy is as dangerous as powerful.
Shortly after the disaster, most nuclear countries started emergency testing of their nuclear power plants to find out whether they are safe enough. Some of them decided to abandon their nuclear plans.
 
Now let’s have a closer look at the results of such policies and the prospects of nuclear power engineering.

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nuclear Power Engineering: Significance And prospects
 
Modern energy production and supplies depend on natural resources. In this sector, crude oil accounts for 7%, 29% - coal and peat, 7 – natural gas.
 
Conventional energy sources
 

 

 

 

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Nuclear energy is widely used to meet the global energy needs. These days nuclear energy is relatively cheap and efficient. In some countries, nuclear power plants are major sources of energy.
 
Having analyzed numerous stats, the experts of Masterforex-V Academy report that there are some 450 nuclear power plants around the world. Over 60 new plants will be put into operation in the near future. The USA is the world’s leader in terms of nuclear capacities. France is the leader in terms of the share of nuclear energy - over 78%.
 
Let’s look at how much various countries are dependent on nuclear power:

 

 

 

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The image below reflects how many nuclear facilities each European country has and how many new plants are going to be built (given in brackets):

 

 

 

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Russia’s  Nuclear Sector
 
Russia has 10 nuclear power plants. They supply over 30% of the country’s energy needs. The Russian authorities bet on nuclear energy, thus improving and expanding the infrastructure.
Moreover, in 2011 Rosatom signed 21 contracts to build nuclear facilities abroad, including India, Turkey, Vietnam, China, Bulgaria, Armenia, Belarus and other countries. The Fukushima disaster only strengthened the confidence in the Russian technologies in the international arena because the number of contracts nearly doubled shortly after the disaster.
Rosatom is expected to increase its proceeds up to $75B by 2030.
 
As for innovations, not so long ago Russian developers offered to create a floating nuclear power reactor in order to supply the country’s coastal areas with electricity. This type of reactor is said to be safer than conventional nuclear facilities, which is a major factor.  
 
 
Current Global Tendencies And Forecasts
 
The Fukushima nuclear disaster gave birth to multiple rumors. According to them, most countries are about to abandon nuclear energy, to close their nuclear facilities and to freeze their nuclear projects.
However, some experts say that the humanity has already reached the point of no return, when people just cannot do without nuclear energy, especially as the global deposits of oil, natural gas and coal keep running low.  Nuclear-generated electricity accounts for 16% of all the electricity produced around the world.
 
Europe. The Fukushima disaster shocked the entire EU. Belgium and Switzerland were the first European countries to abandon their nuclear projects. Germany decided to suspend the work of some of its nuclear power plants. The UK and Italy came up with the same idea.
France, which is the EU’s leader in terms of nuclear capacity, speaks in favor of this type of energy. The thing is that the Japanese disaster made numerous countries revise and test the current condition of their nuclear facilities. The results appeared to be negative. Some countries are still at the crossroads, deciding whether to invest billions in modernizing their nuclear infrastructure or to simply abandon nuclear energy (thus closing all their nuclear facilities).
This year Germany has already stopped 8 of its 30-year-old nuclear power plants. The result is the lack of electricity. Therefore, Germany has to import it from the neighboring countries. However, it is rather costly (1.7 trillion euro). This year Germany is planning to built 120 wind power generators to make up for the lack of energy.
 
Asia. On the contrary, China is planning to develop its own nuclear infrastructure, especially as its territory is rich in uranium deposits. China’s energy capacities are based on nonrenewable resources (over 70%). Thermal power-stations are harmful to the environment. The Fukushima disaster made the Chinese authorities freeze their nuclear projects but earlier this year the moratorium was canceled.
 
The bottom line: It is relatively easy to close a nuclear power plant. However, before that, it is necessary to make sure that the country has enough alternative sources of energy to make up for the lack of nuclear power. Germany is a striking example of how hasty decisions can result in much heavier spending.
 
Alternative Energy Sources
 
These days many countries around the world bet on solar power. For example, next year China is planning to become the world’s leader in terms of producing solar panels. The USA is planning to increase the share of solar power up to 14% of the country’s total energy consumption. The EU has started a €400B project, which implies setting up solar panels in the Sahara desert and further transporting the energy to Europe through high-voltage underwater cables.
 
Renewable sources of energy are getting more and more popular with investors. In 2011 the inflow of investment capital in the sector increased by 40% up to $53.5B.
 
Some experts say that the share of alternative (renewable) energy sources will increase up to 20% in a decade.  However, the debt abyss, in which the world is about to fall, may postpone these ambitious plans.
 
Market Leader and Masterforex-V Academy would appreciate if you could participate in a survey. Please, visit the Academy’s forum for traders and investors and answer the following question:
 
Is nuclear energy really worth investing in?
 

 

 

 

You are free to discuss this article here:   forum for traders and investors

 

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British Banks Get Their Ratings Cut After Brexit Referendum

Shortly after the results of the Brexit referendum were announced, Standard & Poor's Global Ratings made several steps aimed at cutting the ratings of multiple British banks. This was done in order to show the world that the economic risks in the United Kingdom are growing and the entire British banking system is now in jeopardy.
 
Publication date: 14 July 04:28 AM

BOE Predicts Volatility In British Markets

According to Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank of England, the Brexit-related risks have already started implementing themselves. That’s why he predicts increased volatility in the local economy and financial markets.

 

 
To be more specific, the BOE Governor assumes that the risks associated with the UK’s decision to quit the European Union are already there and affecting the entire economic and financial system of Great Britain. This is what is said in the recent report on the UK’s financial system, which is released twice a year by the Bank of England. The thing is that the Brexit is eventually going to trigger a long-term period of economic and financial uncertainty in the United Kingdom, which will make the UK adapt to a new reality.
Publication date: 13 July 04:14 AM

Brexit Delays Fed's Interest Rate Hike Until 2018

As expected by many international experts, the Brexit referendum results have had a serious impact on many of those international processes. According to Bloomberg, this is going to be the key reason for the Federal Reserve to delay another interest rate cut until 2018.

 

 
Publication date: 12 July 05:43 AM

Scotland Will Exit UK Before Brexit, J.P. Morgan Experts Say

According to the analysts of J.P. Morgan, one of the biggest banks in the USA and the entire world, Scotland will hold a referendum to quit the United Kingdom and get complete independence. By 2019, the local authorities will have introduced their own national currencies to replace the British Pound. This is what The Daily Telegraph reports with reference to Michael Barr, who is the the leading expert at J.P, Morgan.

 

 
Publication date: 12 July 05:01 AM

Soros Predicts EU Disintegration After Brexit

According to George Soros, the world-famous billionaire and investor, the Brexit, which stands form the Great Britain’s exit from the European Union is nothing but the worst nightmare coming true. He says that after the United Kingdom finally leaves the European Union, the disintegration of the E.U. is going to be just a matter of time.
 
Publication date: 09 July 08:30 AM

Experts on How U.K. Is Going to Leave the E.U.

As you probably know, during the recent referendum held in the United Kingdom on June 23rd, 2016, the people of Great Britain decided to quit the European Union. This is a truly historical event capable of changing the economic and financial situation in Europe. At this point, the British government is busy solving a number of urgent issues, including the EU membership.

 

 
Publication date: 06 July 04:36 AM

Fitch Cuts U.K.'s Long-Term Credit Ratings

As you probably know, on June 23, 2016, the United Kingdom held the so-called Brexit referendum to decide whether the folks want to stay in the European Union. As the result, they decided to quit the EU. So, the Brexit scenario is underway and is already affecting Great Britain’s economic prospects.
 
Publication date: 06 July 04:05 AM

London Officially: 75 Percent for European Union

Results of the referendum held in the business center of London have been processed.

 

City men are against Great Britain’s exit from the EU. This is demonstrated by vote in London City, where 75 percent of voters have said a firm “no” to Brexit.

 

Publication date: 25 June 03:24 PM

Most British Citizens Support Brexit

According to The Independent, with reference to the recent survey conducted by the ORB, 55% of the U.K. citizens support the idea of quitting the European Union, which is also known as the so-called Brexit. Apparently, the remaining 45% still want to stay in the European Union. It is interesting to note that 12 months ago, the entire picture was the opposite.

Publication date: 14 June 09:33 AM

U.K. Counts Possible Financial Losses In Case Of Brexit

More and more experts and observers start speculating on the possible fate of the United Kingdom in case of the so-called Brexit, which stands for the British exit from the European Union. They keep on trying to predict the financial losses awaiting the U.K. people down the road if they dare quit.

 

 
Publication date: 26 May 09:56 AM