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Monday, 27 March 04:40 (GMT -05:00)



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Nuclear Energy: Present And Future

Nuclear Energy: Present And Future

 

 

For decades people have been pondering on the same questions: Is nuclear energy worth betting on? Will it be the energy of the future? Is it too dangerous for the humanity to keep developing nuclear facilities around the world?
No wonder that there are many supporters and adversaries. Each party has weighty arguments.
 
As we know, last year nuclear energy became a special concern for the entire world. The Fukushima meltdown in 2011 (as the result of several earthquakes and tsunamis) reminded everyone that nuclear energy is as dangerous as powerful.
Shortly after the disaster, most nuclear countries started emergency testing of their nuclear power plants to find out whether they are safe enough. Some of them decided to abandon their nuclear plans.
 
Now let’s have a closer look at the results of such policies and the prospects of nuclear power engineering.

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nuclear Power Engineering: Significance And prospects
 
Modern energy production and supplies depend on natural resources. In this sector, crude oil accounts for 7%, 29% - coal and peat, 7 – natural gas.
 
Conventional energy sources
 

 

 

 

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Nuclear energy is widely used to meet the global energy needs. These days nuclear energy is relatively cheap and efficient. In some countries, nuclear power plants are major sources of energy.
 
Having analyzed numerous stats, the experts of Masterforex-V Academy report that there are some 450 nuclear power plants around the world. Over 60 new plants will be put into operation in the near future. The USA is the world’s leader in terms of nuclear capacities. France is the leader in terms of the share of nuclear energy - over 78%.
 
Let’s look at how much various countries are dependent on nuclear power:

 

 

 

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The image below reflects how many nuclear facilities each European country has and how many new plants are going to be built (given in brackets):

 

 

 

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Russia’s  Nuclear Sector
 
Russia has 10 nuclear power plants. They supply over 30% of the country’s energy needs. The Russian authorities bet on nuclear energy, thus improving and expanding the infrastructure.
Moreover, in 2011 Rosatom signed 21 contracts to build nuclear facilities abroad, including India, Turkey, Vietnam, China, Bulgaria, Armenia, Belarus and other countries. The Fukushima disaster only strengthened the confidence in the Russian technologies in the international arena because the number of contracts nearly doubled shortly after the disaster.
Rosatom is expected to increase its proceeds up to $75B by 2030.
 
As for innovations, not so long ago Russian developers offered to create a floating nuclear power reactor in order to supply the country’s coastal areas with electricity. This type of reactor is said to be safer than conventional nuclear facilities, which is a major factor.  
 
 
Current Global Tendencies And Forecasts
 
The Fukushima nuclear disaster gave birth to multiple rumors. According to them, most countries are about to abandon nuclear energy, to close their nuclear facilities and to freeze their nuclear projects.
However, some experts say that the humanity has already reached the point of no return, when people just cannot do without nuclear energy, especially as the global deposits of oil, natural gas and coal keep running low.  Nuclear-generated electricity accounts for 16% of all the electricity produced around the world.
 
Europe. The Fukushima disaster shocked the entire EU. Belgium and Switzerland were the first European countries to abandon their nuclear projects. Germany decided to suspend the work of some of its nuclear power plants. The UK and Italy came up with the same idea.
France, which is the EU’s leader in terms of nuclear capacity, speaks in favor of this type of energy. The thing is that the Japanese disaster made numerous countries revise and test the current condition of their nuclear facilities. The results appeared to be negative. Some countries are still at the crossroads, deciding whether to invest billions in modernizing their nuclear infrastructure or to simply abandon nuclear energy (thus closing all their nuclear facilities).
This year Germany has already stopped 8 of its 30-year-old nuclear power plants. The result is the lack of electricity. Therefore, Germany has to import it from the neighboring countries. However, it is rather costly (1.7 trillion euro). This year Germany is planning to built 120 wind power generators to make up for the lack of energy.
 
Asia. On the contrary, China is planning to develop its own nuclear infrastructure, especially as its territory is rich in uranium deposits. China’s energy capacities are based on nonrenewable resources (over 70%). Thermal power-stations are harmful to the environment. The Fukushima disaster made the Chinese authorities freeze their nuclear projects but earlier this year the moratorium was canceled.
 
The bottom line: It is relatively easy to close a nuclear power plant. However, before that, it is necessary to make sure that the country has enough alternative sources of energy to make up for the lack of nuclear power. Germany is a striking example of how hasty decisions can result in much heavier spending.
 
Alternative Energy Sources
 
These days many countries around the world bet on solar power. For example, next year China is planning to become the world’s leader in terms of producing solar panels. The USA is planning to increase the share of solar power up to 14% of the country’s total energy consumption. The EU has started a €400B project, which implies setting up solar panels in the Sahara desert and further transporting the energy to Europe through high-voltage underwater cables.
 
Renewable sources of energy are getting more and more popular with investors. In 2011 the inflow of investment capital in the sector increased by 40% up to $53.5B.
 
Some experts say that the share of alternative (renewable) energy sources will increase up to 20% in a decade.  However, the debt abyss, in which the world is about to fall, may postpone these ambitious plans.
 
Market Leader and Masterforex-V Academy would appreciate if you could participate in a survey. Please, visit the Academy’s forum for traders and investors and answer the following question:
 
Is nuclear energy really worth investing in?
 

 

 

 

You are free to discuss this article here:   forum for traders and investors

 

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Soros, Rockefeller and Other Billionaires Ask U.S. Government to Raise Taxes for Them

The State of New York’s richest citizens – including some of the world’s richest families such as Soros, Rockefeller, Disney and others – have signed a petition to ask the local authorities to raise the taxes for the super-rich.

 

 
The extra money allocated as the result of those tax hikes are offered to be spend on schools, infrastructure, support for the homeless and other important things. The billionaires say that it’s time to invest in the long-term economic attractiveness of New York.
Publication date: 25 March 06:02 AM

Polish Defense Minister Calls Donald Tusk a Traitor

Not so long ago, Poland found itself in the middle of another political scandal. The thing is that the Polish Minister of Defense accused President of the European Council Donald Tusk in a diplomatic betrayal. For those of you who don’t know, Donald Tusk used to be the Prime Minister of Poland.
 
To be more specific, Donald Tusk was allegedly cooperating with Vladimir Putin when he was the Prime Minister of Poland. They Defense Minister claims that the aim of this cooperation was to undermine Poland’s national interests after the Polish President’s airplane crashed in Russia in 2010. Apart from the President, there were 95 people on board, including a lot of high-ranking Polish politicians. Unfortunately, nobody survived the crash.
 
Publication date: 24 March 09:48 AM

Candidate Macron Is Against Tighter Relations with Russia

Emmanuel Macron is a former French Minister of Economy and one of the candidates of the post of the President of France.  He thinks that France should be moving forward to tighter relations with the Russian Federation.
 

 

During the pre-election debates broadcast by TF1, Emmanuel Macron showed that he wouldn’t make friends with Moscow if he elected President of France. He thinks that France needs independence and tighter cooperation with fellow EU countries. He wants to make France stronger and more independent based on responsibility and real European policies.
 
Publication date: 24 March 12:49 AM

Russia's Become More Influential in the Middle East, Stratfor Says

According to Stratfor, a US-based private analytic company, Russia has really become more influential in the Middle East.
 
According to the recent report released by Stratfor the other day, since the Russian federation has deployed its troops in Syria, it has been increasing its role in the entire region. Apart from helping Iran (shipping weapons) and Egypt (investing through Russian tourists), Russia has been actively participating in several regional disputes at the same time.
Publication date: 23 March 09:32 AM

Evgeny Kiselev on 3 Years of Russia's Crimean Shame

For those of you who don’t know, a couple of days ago, Russia celebrated the 3rd anniversary of getting back the Crimea, which was essentially annexation. Evgeny Kiselev, a famous Russian journalist who later got the Ukrainian citizenship, decided to comment on the results of Russia’s annexation of the Crimea that took place 3 years ago.
 
Publication date: 23 March 04:27 AM

Europe Looks Helpless Under the Treat Coming from Russia, Experts Say

According to several experts, including Mikhail Samous, a military expert from Ukraine, at this point the entire Europe looks helpless when it comes to any possible threat coming from Russia.
 

 

To be more specific, Mikhail and his fellow experts assume that Europe has still failed to come up with efficient ways of resisting the kind of a hybrid war Russia has been waging in Ukraine, and even some other places around the world.

Publication date: 22 March 08:43 AM

Trump's in Search of Peaceful Conflict Resolution in Donbass

Donald Trump met with Angela Merkel. There are reported to have spent a lot of time discussing the situation in Ukraine.
 

 

Having talked to Angela Merkel, Donald Trump agreed with the idea of peaceful resolution of the Donbass conflict. However, he also gave everyone to understand that some other scenarios are possible as well. He said that ideally they are looking for the ways and means to resolve the conflict in a peaceful way.
Publication date: 22 March 02:54 AM

Queen Stats Brexit

From now on, the British government is allowed to start the so-called Brexit, i.e. the process of quitting the European Union for good. The thing is that the previously approved document aimed at starting the Brexit procedure is now signed by Queen Elizabeth II. This means that the British government has got a green light to implement the people’s will expressed during the corresponding referendum on June 23rd, 2016. From now on, there is no stopping Theresa may from starting the Brexit.

Publication date: 20 March 11:28 AM

It’s Necessary to Prevent Russia from Influencing the Balkans, Theresa May Says

According to British Prime Minister Theresa May, the Balkan states are in jeopardy. This threat is coming from Russia. That’s why she thinks that European leaders should establish tighter cooperation with those Balkan states that are not EU members to avoid letting Russia spread their influence over those states.

Publication date: 20 March 06:12 AM

Angela Merkel's Gonna Shed Some Light on the Situation in Ukraine for Donald Trump

Several Western online sources report that Angela Merkel is willing to tell Donald Trump all the truth about what’s really going on in Ukraine. The thing is that German observers assume that Donald Trump knows relatively little about the situation in Ukraine in general and the East of Ukraine in particular. That’s why they assume that their Chancellor seems to think that it’s now here responsibility as a European leader to shed some light on the situation and help the U.S. President understand the real state of affairs in the region, especially in the Crimea and Donbass.

Publication date: 20 March 05:35 AM