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Nuclear Energy: Present And Future

Nuclear Energy: Present And Future

 

 

For decades people have been pondering on the same questions: Is nuclear energy worth betting on? Will it be the energy of the future? Is it too dangerous for the humanity to keep developing nuclear facilities around the world?
No wonder that there are many supporters and adversaries. Each party has weighty arguments.
 
As we know, last year nuclear energy became a special concern for the entire world. The Fukushima meltdown in 2011 (as the result of several earthquakes and tsunamis) reminded everyone that nuclear energy is as dangerous as powerful.
Shortly after the disaster, most nuclear countries started emergency testing of their nuclear power plants to find out whether they are safe enough. Some of them decided to abandon their nuclear plans.
 
Now let’s have a closer look at the results of such policies and the prospects of nuclear power engineering.

 

 

 

 

 

 
Nuclear Power Engineering: Significance And prospects
 
Modern energy production and supplies depend on natural resources. In this sector, crude oil accounts for 7%, 29% - coal and peat, 7 – natural gas.
 
Conventional energy sources
 

 

 

 

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Nuclear energy is widely used to meet the global energy needs. These days nuclear energy is relatively cheap and efficient. In some countries, nuclear power plants are major sources of energy.
 
Having analyzed numerous stats, the experts of Masterforex-V Academy report that there are some 450 nuclear power plants around the world. Over 60 new plants will be put into operation in the near future. The USA is the world’s leader in terms of nuclear capacities. France is the leader in terms of the share of nuclear energy - over 78%.
 
Let’s look at how much various countries are dependent on nuclear power:

 

 

 

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The image below reflects how many nuclear facilities each European country has and how many new plants are going to be built (given in brackets):

 

 

 

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Russia’s  Nuclear Sector
 
Russia has 10 nuclear power plants. They supply over 30% of the country’s energy needs. The Russian authorities bet on nuclear energy, thus improving and expanding the infrastructure.
Moreover, in 2011 Rosatom signed 21 contracts to build nuclear facilities abroad, including India, Turkey, Vietnam, China, Bulgaria, Armenia, Belarus and other countries. The Fukushima disaster only strengthened the confidence in the Russian technologies in the international arena because the number of contracts nearly doubled shortly after the disaster.
Rosatom is expected to increase its proceeds up to $75B by 2030.
 
As for innovations, not so long ago Russian developers offered to create a floating nuclear power reactor in order to supply the country’s coastal areas with electricity. This type of reactor is said to be safer than conventional nuclear facilities, which is a major factor.  
 
 
Current Global Tendencies And Forecasts
 
The Fukushima nuclear disaster gave birth to multiple rumors. According to them, most countries are about to abandon nuclear energy, to close their nuclear facilities and to freeze their nuclear projects.
However, some experts say that the humanity has already reached the point of no return, when people just cannot do without nuclear energy, especially as the global deposits of oil, natural gas and coal keep running low.  Nuclear-generated electricity accounts for 16% of all the electricity produced around the world.
 
Europe. The Fukushima disaster shocked the entire EU. Belgium and Switzerland were the first European countries to abandon their nuclear projects. Germany decided to suspend the work of some of its nuclear power plants. The UK and Italy came up with the same idea.
France, which is the EU’s leader in terms of nuclear capacity, speaks in favor of this type of energy. The thing is that the Japanese disaster made numerous countries revise and test the current condition of their nuclear facilities. The results appeared to be negative. Some countries are still at the crossroads, deciding whether to invest billions in modernizing their nuclear infrastructure or to simply abandon nuclear energy (thus closing all their nuclear facilities).
This year Germany has already stopped 8 of its 30-year-old nuclear power plants. The result is the lack of electricity. Therefore, Germany has to import it from the neighboring countries. However, it is rather costly (1.7 trillion euro). This year Germany is planning to built 120 wind power generators to make up for the lack of energy.
 
Asia. On the contrary, China is planning to develop its own nuclear infrastructure, especially as its territory is rich in uranium deposits. China’s energy capacities are based on nonrenewable resources (over 70%). Thermal power-stations are harmful to the environment. The Fukushima disaster made the Chinese authorities freeze their nuclear projects but earlier this year the moratorium was canceled.
 
The bottom line: It is relatively easy to close a nuclear power plant. However, before that, it is necessary to make sure that the country has enough alternative sources of energy to make up for the lack of nuclear power. Germany is a striking example of how hasty decisions can result in much heavier spending.
 
Alternative Energy Sources
 
These days many countries around the world bet on solar power. For example, next year China is planning to become the world’s leader in terms of producing solar panels. The USA is planning to increase the share of solar power up to 14% of the country’s total energy consumption. The EU has started a €400B project, which implies setting up solar panels in the Sahara desert and further transporting the energy to Europe through high-voltage underwater cables.
 
Renewable sources of energy are getting more and more popular with investors. In 2011 the inflow of investment capital in the sector increased by 40% up to $53.5B.
 
Some experts say that the share of alternative (renewable) energy sources will increase up to 20% in a decade.  However, the debt abyss, in which the world is about to fall, may postpone these ambitious plans.
 
Market Leader and Masterforex-V Academy would appreciate if you could participate in a survey. Please, visit the Academy’s forum for traders and investors and answer the following question:
 
Is nuclear energy really worth investing in?
 

 

 

 

You are free to discuss this article here:   forum for traders and investors

 

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Macron Will Shift the Balance of Powers in the Normandy Format in Favor of Ukraine

For those of you who don’t know, the so-called Normandy format was created to resolve the difficult situation in the East of Ukraine. France is one of the participants. As you know, Emmanuel Macron has recently won the presidential election in France. This means that he is going to become the successor to Francois Hollande as President of France, participating in the Normandy format as the French representative.

 

 
Publication date: 17 May 08:48 AM

Stratfor Gave Prediction for the next 3 Months

The other day, Stratfor released another quarterly prediction for the global geopolitical situation.
 

 

According to the report, the USA will try to settle the nuclear dispute with North Korea. Europe will be waiting for the results of the presidential election in France. Russia will dive even deeper into the local problems. The OPEC will extend the Vienna Accord aimed at cutting oil production.
 
Publication date: 10 May 10:26 AM

The Price of Defeating North Korea May Be Too High

These days, more and more experts start talking about a possible war against North Korea. However, they also say that the price of defeating North Korea may be too high for the USA and its allies.

 

 
For now, North Korea seems to have made considerable progress in creating nuclear arms, which is something that worries the entire world, especially as North Korea keeps on making harsh statements and threatening the USA, South Korea and Japan. The recent test launch of ballistic missiles in North Korea are now treated as wake-up call and real threat. Theoretically, there is a threat that North Korea may hit American military facilities located in Japan and South Korea. As the US Navy is moving closer to the Korean peninsula, international observers are talking about the possibility of another armed conflict between North and South Korea, even though both of them are still at war with each other.
Publication date: 26 April 01:16 PM

Sixteen Structural Reforms Is the Cost of the Next IMF Tranche to Ukraine

Anders Aslund, a Swedish economist and a Senior Fellow at the Atlantic Council, commented on the current and future cooperation between the IMF and Ukraine. He claims that Kiev will have to implement at least 16 structural reforms in order to get another tranche from the International Monetary Fund. He also explained why the IMF is still cooperating with Ukraine.

Publication date: 26 April 11:01 AM

Putin Underestimated Ukrainians When Invading Ukraine, Atlantic Council

American private institution Atlantic Council assumes that Vladimir Putin underestimated the Ukrainians when invading Ukraine.
 

 

They say that the hybrid war started by Russia in Ukraine has been going on for the 4th year. There were times when nobody believed that Ukraine would hold on even for 4 weeks. The thing is, the Crimea was annexed without any fight, which made international experts believe that Ukraine was weak and completely dependent on Russia. This stand point used to be popular in Moscow as well. Some Russian politicians expected a complete victory in a couple of months, but back than Ukraine was vulnerable after the revolution, which lead to the end of Yanukovich’s regime, while the temporary government was lacking legitimacy to seriously resist Russia. Back then, Russia got a chance to occupy the rest of Ukraine. Vladimir Putin seemed to be encouraged by the success in the Crimea.
Publication date: 26 April 08:37 AM

Experts on Statements Made by Russian Officials about Russian Economic Recovery

International experts have commented on the recent statements made by several Russian officials about some economic recovery in Russia. They say that the weak economic growth isn’t backed by higher standards of living in the Russian Federation.

Publication date: 23 April 02:05 AM

USA Today Names the Reasons Why the USA Is Concerned about the Situation in Ukraine

USA Today has named the reasons why the United states should be concerned about the armed conflict in the East of Ukraine.

 

Previously, US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson asked his European colleagues why American taxpayers should be concerned about the situation in Ukraine. The answer came from his French colleague, who said that the United States should be interested in a strong Europe. On top of that, there are some other reasons why the USA shouldn’t stop thinking about Ukraine.

Publication date: 21 April 12:00 PM

Trump's Plan on Syria: Russia to Stay in Syria, Asad Has to Leave

At this point, several media sources, including Associated Press, report they know the details of the offer brought by Rex Tillerson to Moscow during his official visit. Now, everyone seems to be wondering what exactly Rex Tillerson and Sergey Lavrov discussed during their meeting in Moscow.
 

 

First of all, the sources claim that the USA is ready to unite forces with Russia to destroy the ISIS once and for all. Secondly, Bashar Asad has to quit anyway. He will be even allowed to go to Russia or Iran to avoid prosecution. Thirdly, a temporary government need to be established in Syria to back stabilization and holding a democratic election in Syria. Russia can stay in Syria to back security but they shouldn’t interfere with the local politics.
Publication date: 18 April 11:34 PM

Today's Russia-US Relations Are Worse Than During Obama’s Administration

At this point, the bilateral relations between Moscow and Washington are even worse than they used to be during Obama’s administration. This is what President Putin thinks on the matter.

 

 
Even though the Russian president thinks so, he hasn’t commented on the details of this degradation in the bilateral relations between the 2 superpowers. He assumes that the level of trust between the United States and the Russian Federation has dropped, especially on the military level.
 
Publication date: 18 April 11:05 PM

Will North Korea Become Another Syria for the USA?

The latest events in Syria made many international observers change their mind regarding President Trump. The current conditions also show that getting rid of North-Korean leader Kim Jong Un may also become a major goal for President Trump.

 

 
The news that U.S. aircraft carrier Carl Vinson suddenly reversed and moved to the Western part of the Pacific Ocean in the direction of the Korean Peninsula attracted the interest of the international community. Given the 59 missiles launched to hit a Syrian airbase a couple of weeks ago, this maneuver of the aircraft carrier does raise a lot of concerns.
Publication date: 18 April 03:29 AM